The work of Members of the Legislative Assembly for the ACT (also called members or MLAs) is diverse.
All members have parliamentary, electorate, and party responsibilities (if they belong to a political party). The work a member performs is influenced by many factors including whether they:
Members contribute to debates, make speeches and ask or answer questions in the chamber. They may introduce bills, guiding them through the legislative process and debating the details and implications of such legislation with other members, the press and the public.
The Speaker is elected by a ballot of members at the first sitting after a new Assembly has been elected.
The Speaker is the Presiding Officer of the Legislative Assembly who sits at the front of the chamber and is responsible for maintaining order, interpreting and applying the Assembly’s standing orders and generally ensuring the smooth operation of Assembly proceedings.
Although a member performing the role of Speaker will typically be a member of a political party, it is important that they are able to perform the job in an impartial way that is seen to be fair by all members. Since the Assembly was first established, members from the government, opposition and crossbench have all, at various times, been elected Speaker.
The Speaker also has a number of other roles outside of the Assembly chamber, including:
Members also elect a Deputy Speaker, who performs these duties if the Speaker is away.
It is conventional for the Assembly to elect a Deputy Speaker who is a member of a different party to that which the Speaker belongs.
The Chief Minister is elected by a ballot of members on the first sitting day of a new Assembly, or when a vacancy occurs in the office of the Chief Minister.
The Chief Minister is the leader of the Government, appoints ministers, and together they make up the executive, which is supported by the ACT Public Service. The executive is responsible for administering the laws of the ACT, making administrative decisions, managing the budget and providing services to ACT residents.
The leader of the largest non-government party in the Assembly is known as the Leader of the Opposition. The position does not have a constitutional basis, but has been recognised in the standing orders since the Assembly first sat on 11 May 1989.
The opposition plays an important role in our parliamentary democracy. Its role is to question what the government does, and scrutinise government policies and administrative decisions.
The term ‘whip’ was first used in the UK parliament and is derived from an English fox-hunting term ‘whipper-in’. This was the title given to the person who kept the hounds from straying from the pack.
In parliaments, all parties have a whip who, along with their party leaders, work to maintain party discipline. Their most important role is to ensure that members of the party are present in the chamber to support their party when a vote is taken. They are responsible for arranging ‘pairs’, a system that allows a member to be absent from the chamber at the same time as a member from the opposite side, to ensure the results of votes are balanced. Whips also ensure members know what is happening in the chamber each day and liaise with parliamentary staff to determine the order of business for the Assembly.
Members of the Assembly do not have separate electorate offices. Their offices in the Assembly building are used for both parliamentary and electorate business. Members interact with citizens (constituents) about issues affecting the community in a range of ways: personal meetings, by phone, and via correspondence. Social media is also becoming an important way for members to communicate with their constituents. Members often:
There are a number of ways in which members can represent their constituents on issues of concern, including:
MLAs are usually members of a political party. An MLA who is not a member of a political party is called an independent. While the Assembly has had a number of independent members since its establishment, there are no independent members in the current (9th) Assembly. As members of political parties, MLAs are often required to participate in meetings of the party organisation. It is not uncommon for members to participate in the national and state conferences of their party and to have other non-parliamentary roles within parties’ organisational structures.
MLAs are also involved in meetings of the parliamentary membership of their party to discuss tactics, policies, responsibilities and other plans.